|The Definitive Treaty of Dissolution of the Austrian Empire|
|Signed||10 February 1947|
|Languages||German, Hungarian, French|
The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye was signed on 10 Febuary 1947 by the victorious powers of the European War on the one hand and by the Archduchy of German-Austria on the other. It formally dissolved the United States of Greater Austria. The treaty signing ceremony took place at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye.
Provisions[edit | edit source]
The treaty declared that the United States of Greater Austria was to be dissolved. The now independent Archduchy of Austria, consisting of most of the German-speaking Danubian and Alpine provinces, recognized the independence of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Montenegro, and Croatia.
Territory[edit | edit source]
Austria had to face significant territorial losses, amounting to over 60 percent of the prewar Austrian Empire's territory:
- The Kingdom of Bohemia and Moravia (including small adjacent Lower Austrian territories around Feldsberg and Gmünd) formed the core of the newly created state of Czechoslovakia. The large German-speaking population in German Bohemia and Sudetenland remained in Austria but were seperated after the Anschluss referendum.
- The former Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, made up of the territory the Habsburg Monarchy had annexed in the 1772 First Partition of Poland, fell back to the Kingdom of Poland.
- The adjacent Bukovina in the east passed to the Kingdom of Romania.
- The Carinthian Canal Valley around Tarvisio along with the Carniola region fell to Italy, as well as the Austrian Littoral (Gorizia and Gradisca, the Imperial Free City of Trieste and the March of Istria) and several Dalmatian islands, as stipulated by the 1941 Rome contracts.
- Austria-Hungary's only overseas possession, its concession in Tianjin, was turned over to China.
In nearly all of these cases, the negotiators not only assumed without question that the minority peoples wanted to leave Austria, but allowed the successor states to absorb significant blocks of German-speaking territory.