The German Empire consisted originally of 27, and later (as of 1876) 26 constituent states, the largest of which was Prussia. These states, or Staaten (or Bundesstaaten, i.e. federal states a naming deriving from the previous North German Confederation; they became known as Länder following the October reforms) each had votes in the Bundesrat, which gave them representation at a national level.

Several of these states had gained sovereignty following the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. Others were created as sovereign states after the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Territories were not necessarily contiguous, such as Bavaria, or Oldenburg—many existed in several parts (enclaves and exclaves), as a result of historical acquisitions, or, in several cases, divisions of the ruling family trees.

Kingdoms (Königreiche)[edit | edit source]

Flag State Capital Admission Coat of Arms Location
Flag of Prussia 1892-1918.svg Prussia
(Königreich Preußen)
Berlin 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses).png German Empire - Prussia (1925).svg
Flag of Bavaria (striped).svg Bavaria
(Königreich Bayern)
Munich 18 January 1871 Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Bavaria.png Map-DR-Bavaria 1918-1934.png
Flagge Königreich Sachsen (1815-1918).svg Saxony
(Königreich Sachsen)
Dresden 18 January, 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Sachsen (Grosses) 1.png Map-DR-Saxony 1918-1934.png
Flagge Königreich Württemberg.svg Württemberg
(Königreich Württemberg)
Stuttgart 18 January 1871 Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg, 1817.svg Map-DR-Württemberg 1918-1934.png

Grand Duchies (Großherzogtümer)[edit | edit source]

Flag State Capital Admission Coat of Arms Location
Flag of Alsace (historical).svg Alsace-Lorraine
(Großherzogtum Elsaß-Lothringen)
Straßburg 10 May 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Elsass-Lothringen (Klein).svg Map-DR-Alsace-Lorraine 1919-1934.png
Flagge Großherzogtum Baden (1891-1918).svg Baden
(Großherzogtum Baden)
Karlsruhe 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Grossherzogtum Baden.png Map-DR-Baden 1919-1934.png
Flagge Großherzogtum Hessen ohne Wappen.svg Hesse
(Großherzogtum Hessen und bei Rhein)
Darmstadt 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Grossherzogtum Hessen-LF.png Map-DR-Hesse 1918-1934.png
Flag of Luxembourg (3-2).svg Luxemburg
(Großherzogtum Luxemburg)
Luxemburg 28 September 1919 Greater coat of arms of the grand-duchy of Luxembourg.svg Map-DR-Luxemburg 1918-1934.png
Flagge Großherzogtümer Mecklenburg.svg Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(Großherzogtum Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
Schwerin 18 January 1871 Wappen Mecklenburg-Schwerin.png Map-DR-Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1918-1934.png
Flagge Großherzogtümer Mecklenburg.svg Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(GroßHerzogtum Mecklenburg-Strelitz)
Neustrelitz 18 January 1871 Grossherzogswappen Mecklenburg (Schwerin&Strelitz).PNG Map-DR-Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1918-1934.png
Civil flag of Oldenburg.svg Oldenburg
(GroßHerzogtum Oldenburg)
Oldenburg 18 January 1871 Coats of arms Grand Duché d Oldenbourg.svg Map-DR-Oldenburg 1918-1934.png
Flag of Thuringia.svg Thuringia
(Großherzogtum Thüringen)
Weimar 1920 Vollwappen Wettiner Landgraf Albrecht 1265.png CV Map of Thuringia 1919-1934.png

Duchies (Herzogtümer)[edit | edit source]

Flag State Capital Admission Coat of Arms Location
Flagge Herzogtum Anhalt.svg Anhalt
(Herzogtum Anhalt)
Dessau 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Herzogtum Anhalt (Großes).png Map-DR-Anhalt 1919-1934.png
Flagge Herzogtum Braunschweig.svg Brunswick
(Herzogtum Braunschweig)
Braunschweig 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Herzogtum Braunschweig (Grosses).png Map-DR-Brunswick 1919-1934.png

Principalities (Fürstentümer)[edit | edit source]

Flag State Capital Admission Coat of Arms Location
Flagge Fürstentum Lippe.svg Lippe
(Fürstentum Lippe)
Detmold 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Fürstentum Lippe.png Map-DR-Lippe 1919-1934.png
Flagge Fürstentum Schaumburg-Lippe.svg Schaumburg-Lippe
(Fürstentum Schaumburg-Lippe)
Bückeburg 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Fürstentum Schaumburg-Lippe.png Map-DR-Schaumburg-Lippe 1919-1934.png
Flag of Waldeck before 1830.svg Waldeck-Pyrmont
(Fürstentum Waldeck und Pyrmont)
Arolsen 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Fürstentum Waldeck und Pyrmont.png Map-DR-Waldeck-Pyrmont 1919-1934.png

Free Hanseatic cities (Freie Hansestädte)[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

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