Polish Royal Army
Polska Siła Zbrojna
Active 1917–1989
Type Army
Patron King of Poland
Motto God, Honor, Fatherland
(Bóg, Honor, Ojczyzna)
March My, Pierwsza Brygada
Engagements European War
Insignia
Royal Standard Polish Royal Standard.svg

The Royal Polish Army (Polish: Polska Siła Zbrojna) constituted the ground formation of the Polish Armed Forces after the reemergence of an independent Poland in 1916 to 1918.

History[edit | edit source]

1918–1938[edit | edit source]

During the World War the contemptuously nicknamed Polnische Wehrmacht, was created on 10 April 1917, as a result of the Act of November 5th 1916 and the creation of Kingdom of Poland. The backbone of the formation were the soldiers of the Polish Legions, fighting together with the Austro-Hungarian Army against Russia. As a result of the Oath Crisis of July 1917, 1/4 of the soldiers of the Polish Legions declined to pledge loyalty to the German Kaiser. Approximately 15,000 of them were confined in internment camps in Beniaminów and Szczypiorno, while almost 3,000 were drafted to the Austro-Hungarian Army. After the command of the unit was transferred to the Polish Regency Council on 19 October 1918, the number of volunteers increased. The Polish forces grew from approximately 9,000 in 1918 to over 250,000 in early 1920.

1939–1945[edit | edit source]

File:Polish-soviet war 1920 Polish defences near Milosna, August.jpg

Polish defences at Miłosna, during the decisive battle of Warsaw, August 1920.

The Polish land forces as readied for war with the Soviet Union after they invaded Finland in November 1939. Total mobilization was complete by February 1940, the Polish army had reached a total strength of 737,767 troops.

See also[edit | edit source]

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