A double referendum took place in Luxembourg on 28 September 1919. Voters were asked questions on their preferred head of state and whether Luxembourg should be independent or part of the German Empire. The majority voted to retain Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde as head of state, and for membership in the German Empire.

Results[edit | edit source]

Head of state[edit | edit source]

Choice Votes %
Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde 66,811 77.8
Republic 16,885 19.7
Retain the dynasty, but replace Marie-Adélaïde 1,286 1.5
Retain the monarchy, but replace the dynasty 889 1.0
Invalid/blank votes 5,113
Total 90,984 100
Registered voters/turnout 126,193 72.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Sovereignty[edit | edit source]

Choice Votes %
Join the German Empire 60,133 73.0
Independence 22,242 27.0
Invalid/blank votes 8,609
Total 90,984 100
Registered voters/turnout 126,193 72.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
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