King of Croatia
Former Monarchy
Wappen House of Savoy-Croatia.png
Coat of arms
Amedeo savoia aosta 2.JPG
Zvonimir II
First monarch Porga
(as Duke)
Last monarch Zvonimir II
(as King)
Style His Majesty
Official residence Banski dvori
Appointer Hereditary
Monarchy started c. 660
Monarchy ended 25 June 1991
Current pretender Zvonimir II

History[edit | edit source]

The details of the arrival of the Croats are scarcely documented: c.626, Croats migrate from White Croatia (around what is now Galicia) at the invitation of Eastern Roman Emperor Heraclius. Between c. 641 and c. 689 Radoslav converts Croatia to Christianity.

Dukes of Croatia[edit | edit source]

Kings of Croatia[edit | edit source]

In his letter from 925, Pope John X refers to Tomislav I as Rex Chroatorum - King of the Croatians. All Croatian rulers after Tomislav I held the title of king.

House of Habsburg-Lorraine[edit | edit source]

Portrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
80px Joseph II
(Josip II.)
29 November 1780 20 February 1790 Abolished serfdom. Partial germanization of Croatian lands.
80px Leopold II 20 February 1790 1 March 1792  
80px Francis
(Franjo I.)
1 March 1792 2 March 1835  
Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg Ferdinand V 28 September 1830 2 December 1848 Being epileptic and mentally ill, abdicated in favour of his nephew, Franz Joseph (son of his younger brother Franz Karl). Died in 1875.
80px Francis Joseph
(Franjo Josip I.)
2 December 1848 21 November 1916 Longest ruling Croatian monarch, during which reign Croatia was unified in 1848. During the reorganization of the monarchy in 1867 into a dual Austrian and Hungarian part, Croatia was divided. In 1868 the Triune kingdom of Croatia, Dalmatia and Slavonia was a autonomous kingdom in the union with Hungary.
Emperor karl of austria-hungary 1917.png Charles IV
(Karlo IV.)
21 November 1916 1 April 1922 In his coronation oath to the Croatian parliament he acknowledged the unity of Croatia, Dalmatia and Slavonia with Rijeka. In the aftermath of the Great War he accepted the trialist manifest on creating Zvonimir's kingdom. This kingdom in turn joined a newly formed Kingdom of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.
Emperor Otto of austria.png Otto I 1 April 1922 13 March 1941 He reigned until 1941, when he "renounced participation" in state affairs, but did not abdicate. The Croatian Sabor (parliament) ended the union of Croatia with Hungary and Austria on 10 April 1941.

House of Savoy-Aosta[edit | edit source]

During the Axis occupation of Austria, a puppet-state under Italian protection called the Independent State of Croatia was created with its leader Ante Pavelić. Soon after the creation of the state its government passed three laws on the creation of the crown of Zvonimir, which made the country a kingdom. Three days later the Rome treaties were signed. Italian prince Aimone, Duke of Spoleto was designated King of Croatia.

Portrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Prince Aimone of Savoy - restored.jpg
Tomislav II
18 May 1941 29 January 1948 Tomislav II established a Croatian royal office (kraljevski stol) in Florence and later in Rome. He had at first refused to assume the kingship in opposition to the Italian annexation of the Dalmatia region.
Amedeo savoia aosta 2.JPG Zvonimir II 29 January 1948 25 June 1991
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