|Monarchy of Poland|
|Royal Coat of arms|
|First monarch||Mieszko I|
|Last monarch||Leopold II|
Serene Reigning Majesty
|Official residence||Wawel Castle|
|Monarchy started||ca. 960|
|Monarchy ended||30 December 1989|
|Current pretender||Carlo Tomasso Guillermo Poletti-Galimberti, Count di Assandri di Bavieria|
Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes (the 9th–14th century) or by kings (the 11th-18th century). The longest-reigning dynasties were the Piasts (ca. 960–1370) and Jagiellonians (1386–1572). Intervening and subsequent monarchs were often rulers of foreign countries or princes recruited from foreign dynasties.
During the latter period, a tradition of free election of monarchs made it a uniquely electable position in Europe (16th–18th centuries). Polish independence ended with the Third Partition of Poland (1795) and was restored at the end of the Great War (1918) under the German House of Wittelsbach until the monarchy was abolished in 1990.
Leopold I of Poland (born Prince Leopold Maximilian Joseph Maria Arnulf of Bavaria; 9 February 1846 – 28 September 1930) was the first King of Poland (1921–30) in 126 years. He remains a controversial figure in Poland due to his German ancestry and his seemingly passive nature in the affairs of Polands early years.
Kingdom of Poland, 1916–1990[edit | edit source]
|Ruler||Lifespan||Reign Began||Reign Ended||Notes||Dynasty||Image|
|Leopold I||9 February 1846 – 28 September 1930 (aged 84)||14 November 1918||28 September 1930||Elected King by the Regency Council||Wittelsbach|
|Konrad II||22 November 1883 – 6 September 1969 (aged 85)||28 September 1930||6 December 1969||Second son of Leopold||Wittelsbach|
|Leopold II||16 July 1925 – 1 January 1997 (aged 71)||6 December 1969||22 December 1990
|Son of Konrad II||Wittelsbach|