House of Stuart (1707–1714)[edit][edit | edit source]

Main article: House of StuartQueen Anne had been queen of England, Scotland and Ireland since 8 March 1702, and so became Queen of Great Britain upon the Union of England and Scotland.

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriages Death Claim
Anne

1 May 1707
1 August 1714

[1] [2] 6 February 1665

St James's Palace daughter of James II and VII and Anne Hyde

George of Denmark

St James's Palace
28 July 1683
17 pregnancies, but no surviving children

1 August 1714

Kensington Palace aged 49

Daughter of James II and VII (cognatic primogeniture; Bill of Rights 1689); Queen of England and Scotland before the Union; (Treaty of Union and Acts of Union 1707)

House of Hanover (1714–1901)[edit][edit | edit source]

Main article: House of HanoverThe Hanoverian succession came about as a result of the Act of Settlement 1701, passed by the Parliament of England, which excluded "Papists" (that is, Roman Catholics) from the succession. In return for access to the English plantations in North America and the West Indies, the Hanoverian succession and the Union were ratified by the Parliament of Scotland in 1707.

After the death of Queen Anne with no living children, George I, the son of Sophia of Hanover, granddaughter of James VI of Scotland and I of England through his daughter Elizabeth of Bohemia, was the closest heir to the throne who was not a Roman Catholic.[2]

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriages Death Succession right References
George I

George Louis 1 August 1714
– 11 June 1727

[3] [4] 28 May 1660

Leineschloss son of Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Sophia of Hanover

Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle

21 November 1682
2 children

11 June 1727

Osnabrück aged 67

Great-grandson of James VI and I, Act of Settlement, eldest son of Sophia of Hanover [3]
George II

George Augustus 11 June 1727
– 25 October 1760

[5] [6] 30 October 1683

Herrenhausen son of George I and Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle

Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach

22 August 1705
8 children

25 October 1760

Kensington Palace aged 76

Son of George I [4]
George III

George William Frederick 25 October 1760
– 29 January 1820

[7] [8] 4 June 1738

Norfolk House son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

St James's Palace 8 September 1761
15 children

29 January 1820

Windsor Castle aged 81

Grandson of George II [5]
George IV

George Augustus Frederick 29 January 1820
– 26 June 1830 (Prince Regent since 1811)

[9] [10] 12 August 1762
St James's Palace
son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(1) Maria Anne Fitzherbert

Park Lane 15 September 1785
(2) Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel St James's Palace
8 April 1795
1 daughter

26 June 1830

Windsor aged 67

Son of George III [6]
William IV

William Henry 26 June 1830
– 20 June 1837

[11] [12] 21 August 1765

Buckingham Palace son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen

Kew Palace 13 July 1818
2 children

20 June 1837

Windsor Castle aged 71

Son of George III [7]
Victoria

Alexandrina Victoria 20 June 1837
– 22 January 1901

[13] [14] 24 May 1819

Kensington Palace daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

St James's Palace
10 February 1840
9 children

22 January 1901

Osborne House aged 81

Granddaughter of George III [8]

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1901–1917)[edit][edit | edit source]

Main article: House of Saxe-Coburg and GothaAlthough he was the son and heir of Victoria, Edward VII inherited his father's names and is therefore counted as inaugurating a new royal house.

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriages Death Succession right References
Edward VII

Albert Edward 22 January 1901
– 6 May 1910

[15] [16] 9 November 1841

Buckingham Palace son of Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Alexandra of Denmark

St George's Chapel 10 March 1863
6 children

6 May 1910

Buckingham Palace aged 68

Son of Victoria [9]

House of Windsor (1917–present)[edit][edit | edit source]

Main article: House of WindsorThe house name Windsor was adopted in 1917, during World War I. It was changed from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha because of wartime anti-German sentiment in the United Kingdom.

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriages Death Succession right References
George V

George Frederick Ernest Albert 6 May 1910
– 20 January 1936

[17] [18] 3 June 1865

Marlborough House son of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark

Mary of Teck

St James's Palace 6 July 1893
6 children

20 January 1936

Sandringham House aged 70

Son of Edward VII [10]
Edward VIII

Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David 20 January 1936
– 11 December 1936 (abdicated)

[19] [20] 23 June 1894

White Lodge son of George V and Mary of Teck

Wallis Warfield Simpson

Château de Candé 3 June 1937
no children

28 May 1972

Neuilly-sur-Seine aged 77

Son of George V [11]
George VI

Albert Frederick Arthur George 11 December 1936
– 6 February 1952

[21] [22] 14 December 1895

Sandringham House son of George V and Mary of Teck

Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

Westminster Abbey 26 April 1923
2 children

6 February 1952

Sandringham House aged 56

Son of George V [12]
Elizabeth II

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary 6 February 1952
– present

[23] [24] 21 April 1926

Mayfair daughter of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

Philip of Greece and Denmark

Westminster Abbey 20 November 1947
4 children

Living Daughter of George VI

the british monarchy began in 1800


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