|Hetman of Ukraine|
|First monarch||Pavlo Skoropadskyi|
|Last monarch||Vasyl Vyshyvanyi|
|Official residence||Mariyinsky Palace|
|Monarchy started||29 April 1918|
|Monarchy ended||13 November 1939|
|Current pretender||Prince Karl-Stefan of Altenburg|
Hetman of Ukraine is a former historic government office and political institution of Ukraine that is equivalent to a head of state.
Brief history[edit | edit source]
As a head of state the position was established at first by Bohdan Khmelnytsky during the Cossack Hetmanate in the mid 17th century. During that period the office was electoral. Later in the late 18th century it was successfully liquidated by the Russian government during the expansion of the Russian territory towards the Black Sea coast.
The position and title was reestablished in 1918 by the Ukrainian General Pavlo Skoropadsky, a descendant of the former Hetman of Ukraine Ivan Skoropadsky. The Law on the Provisional State System of Ukraine was announced at the session of the Central Council of Ukraine on 29 April 1918 which laid a legal groundwork for the new position. Pavlo Skoropadsky transformed Ukraine into the autocratic Ukrainian State under the protectorate of the Central powers, while expelling the Bolshevik forces of the Russian SFSR. During his term the Communist Party was prohibited on the territory of Ukraine for the first time. After the uprising led by the Directorate of Ukraine, Pavlo Skoropadsky abdicated, transferring the state power and title to Archduke Wilhelm of Austria and going into exile to Germany.
After the establishment of the new Hetmanate, members of Skoropadsky family remained active in Ukraine and were later recognised as a former royal house. In 1921 the position of Hetman was made hereditary within the House of Habsburg.