Hetman of Ukraine
Former Monarchy
Royal Standard of the Hetman of Ukraine (1918).svg
Royal Standard
Vyshyvanyi 01.jpg
Vasyl Vyshyvanyi
First monarch Pavlo Skoropadskyi
Last monarch Vasyl Vyshyvanyi
Style Royal Majesty
Official residence Mariyinsky Palace
Appointer Hereditary
Monarchy started 29 April 1918
Monarchy ended 13 November 1939
Current pretender Prince Karl-Stefan of Altenburg
Aleksandra Skoropadska-Ott

Hetman of Ukraine is a former historic government office and political institution of Ukraine that is equivalent to a head of state.

Brief history[edit | edit source]

As a head of state the position was established at first by Bohdan Khmelnytsky during the Cossack Hetmanate in the mid 17th century. During that period the office was electoral. Later in the late 18th century it was successfully liquidated by the Russian government during the expansion of the Russian territory towards the Black Sea coast.

The position and title was reestablished in 1918 by the Ukrainian General Pavlo Skoropadsky, a descendant of the former Hetman of Ukraine Ivan Skoropadsky. The Law on the Provisional State System of Ukraine was announced at the session of the Central Council of Ukraine on 29 April 1918 which laid a legal groundwork for the new position. Pavlo Skoropadsky transformed Ukraine into the autocratic Ukrainian State under the protectorate of the Central powers, while expelling the Bolshevik forces of the Russian SFSR. During his term the Communist Party was prohibited on the territory of Ukraine for the first time. After the uprising led by the Directorate of Ukraine, Pavlo Skoropadsky abdicated, transferring the state power and title to Archduke Wilhelm of Austria and going into exile to Germany.

After the establishment of the new Hetmanate, members of Skoropadsky family remained active in Ukraine and were later recognised as a former royal house. In 1921 the position of Hetman was made hereditary within the House of Habsburg.

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