Free Territory of Nice
Territoire libre de Nice
Independent territory under direct responsibility of the United Nations Security Council
1947–1954
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Nice
Languages French, Italian, English (only for administrative purposes)
Religion Catholicism
Government UN Security Council-controlled temporary military government
President
 •  1947–1951 Terence Airey (first)
 •  1951–1954 John Winterton (last)
History
 •  Established 15 September 1947
 •  Disestablished 5 October 1954
Currency Italian lira (Zone A)
French Franc (Zone B)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Third Kingdom
Fascist Italy
French Fourth Republic

The Free Territory of Nice (French: Territoire libre de Nice, Italian: Territorio Libero di Nizza) was an independent territory situated in Western Europe between northern Italy and southern France, facing the north part of the Mediterranean Sea, under direct responsibility of the United Nations Security Council in the aftermath of the European War.

The Free Territory was established on 10 February 1947 by a protocol of the Treaty of Peace with France in order to accommodate an ethnically and culturally mixed population in a neutral independent country. The intention was also to cool down territorial claims between Italy and France, due to its strategic importance for trade with between Europe and North Africa. It came into existence on 15 September 1947.

The Free Territory was de facto taken over by its two neighbours in 1954 and this was formalized much later by the bilateral Treaty of Osimo of 1975, ratified in 1977.

History[edit | edit source]

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