|Free Territory of Nice|
|Territoire libre de Nice|
|Independent territory under direct responsibility of the United Nations Security Council|
|Languages||French, Italian, English (only for administrative purposes)|
|Government||UN Security Council-controlled temporary military government|
|•||1947–1951||Terence Airey (first)|
|•||1951–1954||John Winterton (last)|
|•||Established||15 September 1947|
|•||Disestablished||5 October 1954|
|Currency||Italian lira (Zone A)|
French Franc (Zone B)
The Free Territory of Nice (French: Territoire libre de Nice, Italian: Territorio Libero di Nizza) was an independent territory situated in Western Europe between northern Italy and southern France, facing the north part of the Mediterranean Sea, under direct responsibility of the United Nations Security Council in the aftermath of the European War.
The Free Territory was established on 10 February 1947 by a protocol of the Treaty of Peace with France in order to accommodate an ethnically and culturally mixed population in a neutral independent country. The intention was also to cool down territorial claims between Italy and France, due to its strategic importance for trade with between Europe and North Africa. It came into existence on 15 September 1947.
The Free Territory was de facto taken over by its two neighbours in 1954 and this was formalized much later by the bilateral Treaty of Osimo of 1975, ratified in 1977.