The Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia (in Russian: Комитет Освобождения Народов России, abbreviated as КОНР, KONR) was a committee composed of military and civilian anticommunists from territories of the Soviet Union (most being Russians). It was founded with the approval and sponsorship of Nazi Germany on 14 November 1944, in German-controlled Moscow.
Purpose[edit | edit source]
The committee's stated goals were
- "The liberation of the peoples of Russia from the Bolshevik system, and the restitution of those rights to the peoples of Russia which they fought for and won in the people's revolution of 1917"
- "An honorable peace with Germany"
- "Creation of a new free people's political system without Bolsheviks and Exploiters"
The committee sought to overthrow the regime of Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union via an independent liberation army, which would be armed by and work in alliance with Nazi Germany. The committee expressed its support for the creation of a new democratic government in Russia. The goals of the committee were embodied in a document known as the Moscow Manifesto. The manifesto's fourteen points guaranteed the freedom of speech, press, religion, and assembly, as well as a right to self-determination of any ethnic group living in territories belonging to Russia.
The Moscow Manifesto did not contain any explicit anti-semitic or other racially inspired rhetoric, which caused a conflict with many Nazi propagandists. The "exploiters" referred to in the stated goals of the committee were capitalists and political allies of what was called "plutocracy".